Uttarakhand Culture & Tradition
Uttarakhand is blended with 7 different cultures to create a society that’s filled with warmth and peace.
Uttarakhand has been blessed with a rich culture. From ghagra dresses of women to the delicious Phaanu dish and from Langvir Nritya to the Jhodas folk songs, everything binds the people here. The beliefs and lifestyles of Kumaoni and Garhwali people dominate the culture. Apart from these two prominent ethnic groups, the place is a home for Jaunsari, Buksha, Tharu, Bhotia and Raji ethnic groups. Most people of Uttarakhand prefer to stay in stale roofed houses and terraced fields.The Garhwali culture can be primarily distinguished by the Garhwali language. Kumaoni people have their own Kumaoni language. Hindi is also very fluently spoken in Uttarakhand. Other regional languages are Bhotiya, Jaunsari, and Punjabi.
As Uttarakhand is known as Dev Bhoomi, religion plays a major role in people’s lives, It is home to prominent religious places of Hindus such as Char Dham, Panch Prayag, Rishikesh, and Haridwar. It is also the home of Gurudwara of Hemkund Sahib, an important place of worship of Sikh people. The people of Uttarakhand are also bound by the regional fairs. Apart from the renowned Kumbh Mela, the state also hosts Devidhura Mela, Nanda Devi Mela, Ardh Kumbh Mela, Gauchar Mela and Purnagiri Mela among others.
The residents of Uttarakhand celebrate national festivals such as Diwali, Holi, Christmas, Navaratri, etc. They also celebrate their local festivals with great fervor. Some prominent festivals of Uttarakhand are Harela, Basant Panchami, Dikar Puja, Ganga Dassera, Bhitauli, etc. Music is another invisible bind that makes people come together. The Mandaan, Khuded, Thadya, Panwaras and Jhodas are popular folk songs of Uttarakhand. The folk songs are made more beautiful by use of instruments like Dholki, Turri, Dhol, Thali, Bhankora, Damoun, Daur, Ransinghla and Masakbhaja.
Langvir Nritya is the best form of Garhwali dance and its movements are very like the movements done by a gymnast. The Barada Nati Folk Dance and The Pandav Nritya are some other popular dances of Uttarakhand. The most popular Uttarakhand dress is long skirts with full sleeve top for women. It’s called Ghagra. Men often wear kurta and pajyama. In winters, men prefer knee length coats, button up coats, sadri, a jacket and a cap. In winters, women wear saree, and a full sleeve shirt. They also prefer Angra which is a jacket or opt for simple woolen jackets. Many women prefer to cover their heads with an Saanfa, a long scarf.
The people of Uttarakhand love foods that are made by milk. They also savor coarse grain that has high fibre content. Buck wheat, known as Mundua or Koda is served as a part of many meals as it aids in digestion. Most of the foods of Uttarakhand are spicy and are cooked in pure ghee or mustard oil. The Garhwali dishes you can’t miss are Phaanu, Baadi, Chainsoo and Jhangore ki Kheer. Start your days with Gahat ke Paranthe and enjoy delicacies like Bhang ki Chutney, Aalu Ka Jhol, Kafuli, Kumaoni Raita, Rus, Sisunak Saag, Dubuk, Singodi & Arsa during the day to make your Uttarakhand trip memorable.